The many facets of one guy….
Dissociate identity disorder(DID) or MultiplePersonality disorder is a mental disorder which is characterized by the two or more distinct personalities and identities in an individual that continually affect the person’s overall behavior. It is associated with memory gaps which one can easily mistake for ordinary forgetfulness. Most People with DID have fewer than 10 personality states while in some extreme cases a person could possess as much 50-90 personality states. Concept photo for personality, character and emotional expression. A woman in business suit holding up a photo of herself in front of her with various range of emotional expressions exhibited in the background wall behind her. From happiness to sadness, anger to joy, apprehension to confidence. Photographed in panoramic horizontal format in studio.
Most people with DID frequently have previously diagnosed disorders like Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Borderline Personality disorder (BPD), Bipolar and various eating and anxiety disorders.
DID patients normally have different signs and symptoms but the most common symptoms may include
Trances and out of body experiences.
Some people with DID have tendencies towards Self sabotage and violence e.g kleptomania, reckless driving, endangering themselves etc.The symptoms of DID and BPD are usually very similar and are often mistaken for one another as up to 50-60% of people with BPD meet the criteria for DID and up to 70% of people with DID meet the criteria for BPD
There are several ways the psychological processes of a person with DID changes, they include:
Depersonalization; The person feels detached from his/her own body
Derealisation; The person feels that the world around him isn’t real
Identity Confusion; He or She finds it difficult to have a certain interest and constantly fluctuates on his/her said hobbies.
Identity Alteration; This is one of the most common forms of DID as the individuals is unaware of his personality and changes behaviour from friendly to hostile, Serious to playful etc. Each personality has a different way of perceiving, thinking and relating with his/her environment.
The cause of DID is somewhat aetiologically complex but experts propose that some derived traits of parents are passed down to their children in addition to their resident traits which creates added traits for their offsprings.
Childhood Psychological stress is also a factor, Emotional abuse and neglect are also prevalent factors.
A visual depiction of childhood emotional and physical abuse
Treatments of DID includes; Psychotherapy, Hypnotherapy, Adjunctive Therapy. There are no medication treatments for DID making psychologically based approach the best options, but medicines can be administered for anxiety and other symptoms.